托福考试

2013年北美地区托福考试写作真题汇总及解析(一)

2014-03-12 10:12:44

摘要:大陆托福有用北美旧题的情况,因此对于北美考题,考生们也请多留意。来看看托福名师章秀文老师对北美写作题的解析。

托福名师章秀文老师带来2013年北美地区托福考试写作真题解析。


名师简介:

章秀文,Ray Zhang,前杭州新东方学校名师,酷学酷玩项目负责人,听说读写全能型教师。教龄4年,创造众多短期提分案例,写作类课程独树一帜,以认真负责深受学生爱戴。

人人网:秀文ray

新浪微博:我是秀文

微信公众平台:zxwray(或输入微信号zxw870108)


此资料的重要性:

2013年中国大陆地区(后称ML)的作文题目当中,北美考题(后称NA)比例:

2008-2010的NA题:共15题,占35.7%

2011年的NA题:共1题,占2.4%

2012年的NA题共19题,占45.2

由于2012年ML大部分考题为2011年NA,故2013年ML只重考了1题2011年的NA题,结合往年经验和2013年中国大陆的考试情况,不难得出,2014年ML还将以重复2013年NA题为主。这份资料对于明年考托福的同学们含金量十分高。


2013NA上半年托福写作真题汇总及解析


1月12日

Parents learn more from their children than their children do from them nowadays.

此题disagree较容易

按照分类理由,从parents生活经验丰富,技能多,人脉广等角度展开,强调孩子可以从父母身上学到的东西即可。

如选择Agree,更挑战,更适合文笔发挥,拿到满分

1.Wide availability of internet—abundant resource on education—access for children to improve their ability and skills on their own—more capable in terms of life and work—close to parents—be the portal for parents to catch up with the fast-changing world

2.Fiercer competition—demand for advanced and latest technology and skills—relatively easier for children to embrace for their intellectual level and stage of life—also a missing part in parents’ education—parents learn from children to fit into the society

3.让步


2月2日

在经济危机时期(times of economy crisis),你认为政府应该减少下面哪一方面少花钱?

-Education

-Health Care

-Support for unemployed

思路1:选education

education的不重要原因

health care重要的原因

support for unemployment重要的原因

思路2:选education

education不重要的原因1

education不重要的原因2

health care 和 support for unemployment重要的原因分别讲述几句话

思路3:选education

education不重要的原因1

education不重要的原因2

education不重要的原因3

至于education为什么不重要,则属于常见的否定某事物存在价值的理由探讨。例题:广告越来越不诚实,是否可以忽略广告?如同意可忽略,则讲述广告为什么不重要。

这类否定某事物A的存在价值的理由探讨,可固定为3个方面

1.A自身的缺陷(广告不诚实,无法提供信息参考/教育投入需求过大,政府无力支持)

2.A有更好的替代品B(有口碑,试用装等替代广告作用/有现有的教育资源和网络资源可以更好利用)

3.A的作用虽然有,但是无法被外界接受到(广告量大,每天接受过多,无法挑选有用的信息来判断是否购买/经济危机时期,生存问题为主要考量,人们无心投入心力在教育方面)


2月23日

In order to attract good students, university should spent a lot of money in society activities

此题考察social activity和good students之间的逻辑联系

容易出错的地方是大部分同学可能只写到了social activity的好处和功能,而忽略了是否这些功能能吸引好学生来这个学校

Agree

1.social activity—interaction with various types of students—expand one’s social network—help in the future—attract good students

2.social activity—shape multiple skills that hardly can be learned within class—supplement for normal education—improve the quality of education—attract good students

3.让步,学术足够牛逼,也能吸引不少好学生来钻研学术


3月2日

People should state their honest opinions even though they know others will disagree with their views.

Agree

1.bold to express—make sure no misunderstanding—build up the trust—win the respect from others--

2.dare to state honest opinions—after discussion and argument—a chance to help others or oneself to improve

3.让步,不能过于执着和极端,要注意表达的方式和情绪。

#p#

3月22日

Though modern agricultural practices damage the environment, feeding the world's growing population is more important than protecting against environmental damage.

Disagree

1.feeding the population at the cost of hurting the environment—pose a real and irreversible threat to the food production in the long run—endanger the future generation—unwise choice

2.Many solutions can be taken to ease and lessen the poverty problems—charity, reasonable distribution of food, recyclable resource and energy, awareness

3.让步,短期的,局部的行为,解决特别棘手的问题,则可以,而全球范围内不行


4月6日

Teachers are appreciated and valued nowadays not as much as they were before.

此题类似2012年NA题Teachers had a greater influence on young people in the past than they do today.

问题核心:同两个事物之间关系过去和现在进行对比。A对B影响大与否,取决于A和B的相处时间,B对A的需求程度,B对A的信任程度等因素。注意这里变量有两个,老师和学生都可以变,所以讨论的时候要从两方面开展比较容易。

现在教育发达——学生在学校时间久于过去——教师对学生的影响更大

现在教师能力更大,学生也更看重学习——教师对学生影响更大

让步说过去教师对学生也有很大影响,只是没现在这么大

参考上题得出此题的思路:

1.education improved—high demand on teachers—teachers are more capable—more appreciated by students

2.fierce competition in society—students value more about knowledge—as the major resource to learn knowledge—teachers are more valued

3.让步,也有部分失格的老师,舔着脸自称XX小王子,就是XX女王,XX教父,XX大仙,实在有违师道,哈哈哈。(谁说写资料不可以自high?)


4月27日

The best way to reduce air pollution is that government to raise the cost of fuel(petrol)of the cars.

有绝对词best,选择disagree

讲还有其他什么方法来减少大气污染

1. government enact certain laws—prohibit the abuse of vehicles—lower the usage of fuel

2.government propagandize the public transportation—lower the total number of vehicles—lower the gasoline cost

3.让步说提升价格也有效


5月31日

The most important thing people learnt is from families.

虽然有绝对词most,但是此题关键不是到底人们学到的最重要的是什么,而是到底来源于哪,所以可以选agree也可以选disagree。

有些同学会先定义下这个most important的事是什么,然后再写为什么是来源于家庭。

这样做也可以,如定义为responsibility,然后讲家人之间互相照顾,分担,培养责任什么的。

高大上一点的写法是不定义这个most important thing是什么,而是直接分析哪些环境,因素,会导致人学到重要的东西。

disagree

1.people learn their most important lesson in failures—families are nice and protective—hardship usually is out there—hence most important thing often learned from outside

2.people learn their most important lesson in unfamiliar surrounding—independent and alone—be forced to channel one’s potential—spur the development of oneself—hence most important thing often learned from outside

3.让步讲述家人能给我们什么,因为家人真诚,等原因。


6月8日

Some students prefer to have their final grades determined by numerous small assignments, whereas others prefer to have their final grades determined by only a few large ones.

此题考查核心是平时的点滴累积重要,还是关键时刻的发挥重要,换言之就是过程还是结果更重要。这种抽象考查在2012年NA题当中也出现很多,可以参考我过去发过的2012北美托福作文题汇总http://www.sharewithu.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=529830

small assignment

1. greater ability is often forged through a process rather than a second or so because of the accomplishment takes time and overcome of challenge—determine grades in such manner can serve as a signal to encourage students to pay more attention to daily hard work—therefore truly complete the value of education

2.test results can be deceiving—many factors contribute to this, such as cheat, short term memory and luck—not authentic and trustworthy—unfair and not precise to weigh on one’s ability

3.让步说重大考试考查的不仅是实力,也有心态,心态也是重要的实力,所以这样也挺好


6月22日

Is it as important for older people to study or learn new things as it is for younger people?

此题类似1月12日那题

老人学新知识和年轻人学知识一样重要。

如果选同意,讲老年人为什么也要学知识。

如果选不同意,讲为什么年轻人更需要学新知识。

disagree

1.the young are facing the future challenge and fierce competition in the society—ought to have oneself trained and be adept in certain new skills—live on oneself and survive

2.young people are at the best status of receiving and mastering knowledge—energetic and creative—cannot wait until the knowledge is practical or required

3.older people have existed way of life—won’t suffer too much without advanced technology


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