托福考试

2013年北美地区托福考试写作真题汇总及解析(二)

2014-03-10 15:26:11

摘要:大陆托福有用北美旧题的情况,因此对于北美考题,考生们也请多留意。来看看托福名师章秀文老师对北美写作题的解析。

托福名师章秀文老师带来2013年北美地区托福考试写作真题解析。


名师简介:

章秀文,Ray Zhang,前杭州新东方学校名师,酷学酷玩项目负责人,听说读写全能型教师。教龄4年,创造众多短期提分案例,写作类课程独树一帜,以认真负责深受学生爱戴。

人人网:秀文ray

新浪微博:我是秀文

微信公众平台:zxwray(或输入微信号zxw870108)


此资料的重要性:

2013年中国大陆地区(后称ML)的作文题目当中,北美考题(后称NA)比例:

2008-2010的NA题:共15题,占35.7%

2011年的NA题:共1题,占2.4%

2012年的NA题共19题,占45.2

由于2012年ML大部分考题为2011年NA,故2013年ML只重考了1题2011年的NA题,结合往年经验和2013年中国大陆的考试情况,不难得出,2014年ML还将以重复2013年NA题为主。这份资料对于明年考托福的同学们含金量十分高。


2013NA下半年托福写作真题汇总及解析


7月13日

When choosing living place, which factor is the most important one for you?

living in an area that is not expansive

living close to relatives

living in an area with many shops and restaurants

此题重复2012年9月7日NA口语题

再次证明基本上口语第二题和独立写作在共用题库,大家平时准备口语第二题的时候遇到3选1或者比较抽象的命题,都应该留意下是否写作可以写的出来。

回头来讲3选1的题目,有一个比较讨巧的做法,从ABC三个选项当中选择A选项,然后解释为什么A选项可以既有自身的功能,也能实现BC选项各自的功能。

对应题目来说,三个选项的功能分别是:便宜;家人;方便

我选择家人,三段理由分别是:

1.Close to family—spend time with families—share with each other, chat—deepen the bond among families

2.Close to family—receive the care and help from families—cover some expense by eating at home and so on—save money—also not expansive

3.Close to family—homemade food, delicious, safe, better than restaurants; grocery and other stuff from home, save time, convenience—don’t have to live close to shops and restaurants

三选一的题目目前看到过的就6个,在我之前的帖子和微博上有,可以去新浪微博@我是秀文,仔细翻翻。


7月26日

If your teacher says something incorrect in a class, what will you do?

interrupt your teacher right away

keep silent

correct your teacher after class

选correct after class

1.Interrupt—jeopardize the integrity and the pace of the teacher and class—negative image for teacher—students will start to doubt the teacher’s ability or lose faith in the teacher—subconsciously choose not to listen

2.Keep silent—teacher may not be aware of the mistake—students may suffer from the wrong explanation of knowledge

3.incorrectness is debatable, sometimes it may only be a misunderstanding or misinterpretation—after class, sufficient amount of time to fully discuss with teacher—figure out the right answer—bring the solid one to students some other time with a comprehensive version—avoid the recklessness


8月10日

Some people like to record their life by sharing pictures and other information on social-networking sites. Others keep this information to themselves and never share it online.

这题如果我没记错的话就是NA13年的新题,至少在09—12年的NA题库当中我没见过这题。十分接地气的题目,问的是,你是一个直播逼,还是一个死宅深度闷骚男。

记录与分享的功能:回忆;分享喜悦,让他人开心;现代社会不可或缺的交友方式

不分享的功能:安全;面对面讲述更能产生上面产生的那些功能

同学们根据性格和自身特点来选择吧。我以分享为假设来写下每段的论述思路:

1.log every memorable money and every sip of taste of life—reminisce and recall—relive the moment—great joy

2.keep others in the loop/keep others noted—share the happiness—have an impact on others—others will be happy

3.present society—less physical connection, more cyber work—trend: share, comment, 点赞—e in this way people form their social network


8月31日

Government should support scientific researches which do not have practical uses.

2010NA老题

agree

1.such behavior can function as an attitude from the official—boost the participation of scientists and their dedication towards scientific study

2.not all science is practical in the beginning—in given time, researchers may be practical and useful

3.让步,要注意资金和人力投入产出比


9月7日

When making major purchase(eg. Car or laptop), our decision can be influenced by different sources of information. Explain how each of the following source of information can influence your decision.

1)recommendations from friends or colleagues

2)information from media(eg. TV, magazines, newspapers)

3)recommendations from the sales person in the store

选择哪个选项,对于这题来说都无所谓,只要能写出这个选择的选项,对于一次好的购买产生的作用力即可。

friends and colleague:较小利益冲突,较低的欺骗可能性,能给出中肯意见;朋友家人会更了解我的需求,给出合适的建议

媒体:专业;权威

销售人员:专业

选一相对容易,再加一个让步即可


9月13日

Children should play and study rather than learn how to do household chores.

disagree

1.do household chores—shoulder the workload and share with other family members—cultivate the sense of being responsible

2.do household chores—shape life experience and living skills—independent in the future

3.让步,讲play的功能


9月27日

Using clean energy to protect the environment, but the traditional energy sources such as coal and oil is less expensive.

此题考查的是选择新能源,但是贵;还是选择老能源,但是便宜。本质上考查的是还是短期利益还是长期利益。对于这题来说,就讲环保的重要性就好了。

1.over exploration of traditional energy—break the balance of the nature—endanger the environment—the planet will not be a friendly place to live—harm future generation

2.traditional energy will be depleted—as the deposit drops to a certain amount, the price will rise—no time to adjust to the clean energy because the market is not well developed

3.让步,短期内,特殊的范围内可以使用

9月28日

Society benefits more from works of great artists than from political leaders.

每年都有一题跟艺术扯上关系的超级难题,以前有一题是政府是否应该养着艺术家。

艺术家和政治领袖的作用没有办法对比,所以可以任选其中一面,讲出他的功能(最好是对方不具有的功能)即可。就容易程度来说,可以选择政治领袖。

1.political leaders—decisions—influence every aspect of the society, including the art industry—the core cog the state apparatus—their job are more irreplaceable and key to the benefit of the society

2.political leaders—image of the country—give spiritual support to the citizens—their influence is wider and bigger than artists—benefit the society more

3.让步说艺术家作为整体来说也有巨大的影响

#p#

10月5日

Some people think that it is an important part of children's education to go on field trips(eg. Museums).other people think a child's time is better spent in classroom at school.

简单题。选field trip,好处可以有学到课内学不到的知识;拓展人脉加深同学间友情;放松身心,环节学习负担,更好的投入学习等

10月11日(同9月7日)

When making major purchase(eg. Car or laptop), our decision can be influenced by different sources of information. Explain how each of the following source of information can influence your decision.

1)recommendations from friends or colleagues

2)information from media(eg. TV, magazines, newspapers)

3)recommendations from the sales person in the store


10月19日

A high school has decided that all students must take a class in which they learn a practical skill. School administrators are trying to decide whether to hold a class in cooking, managing personal finances or auto repair. Which do you think the school should require students to take?

3选1的题,从很早的一个题上改编而来,老题是:是否所有学生都应该上XX(基础经济,艺术)课。老题没有给出选项,只问这样做对不对,由于有all在前面,老题一般我们选disagree。讲强迫没好结果,占据学生时间,增加负担等坏处。

这题选任意一个,讲好处即可。如:

1.managing personal finances—cultivate ability and skills—earn more money—better quality of life in the future

2.managing personal finances—shape the mental preparation and awareness of such aspect—be positive and strong when facing dilemma in the future

3.让步写另外两个的优点


10月25日

You are helping to elect a student leader for a student organization or a club. Do you agree or disagree that honesty is the most important thing to consider in deciding whom to vote for?

disagree

1.In terms of leadership, things tend to be delicate and tricky—bluntness and pure honesty tend to pose a threat to the leader himself and the group

2.other quality, such as intelligence is also an inseparable part because…

3.other quality, such as persuasive ability…because…

11月9日

Busy parents have less time to spend with their children. Some people think time should be spent to play games or sports. Others think time should be spent by doing something together related to schoolwork.

老题,简单题。选play的好处

可以分对象:对孩子的好处(心理/生理);对父母的好处(加深亲子关系)

恰好写过范文:http://www.sharewithu.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=532149

我更多的范文,可以尚友里搜索:我是秀文。也可以我微博@我是秀文里找,也可以我人人网:秀文ray日志里找。


11月16日

The government is not educating people enough about the importance of good and healthy life style.

多么适合发展中国家的题目啊~人生观的探讨已经不属于纯语言的范畴,对于思维深度的要求也挺高。很多人都在传言14年会改革,改考试,但是根据经验和目前靠谱的信息,这是不会发生的。这么多年都不是这样瞬间说改就改的,改只会慢慢改题目的难度而已,而且也是十分缓慢的改。就像这题一样,加点思考深度,就趴下一大片人。大部分人考场如果第一次看到这题都写不出什么。

agree

1.赚钱,获得更好的物质生活是本能,不需要宣传就会很多人去做。而健康则是在这个过程当中会容易被忽略的一个重点。政府在学校教育的领域更多还是停留在实际的技能,知识,而很少涉及规范的,科学的,关于健康的生活态度和生活方式的知识教育。

2.在政府涉及到的关于这方面的宣传和教育当中,没有很好的利用舆论和社会的媒介进行足够的心理辅导,更多的停留口号和宣传,没有实际的资金投入去落实。

3.让步,政府也做了一些事。。。


11月22日

Scientists have been working to make technology easier and human friendly. How do you think technology had affected our lives?

此题:科技使人类更方便还是更麻烦

方便

1.拉近人与人之间的距离,联系(电脑,手机为例子)

2.提高生产力,降低工作危险,提高工作效率(某种具体机器,设备为例子)

3.科技丰富生活当中的享受和娱乐(电视,WE为例子)


12月6日

The most important investment that can be made to the education of children aged from four to seven is giving them a computer.

有most,选择disagree。讲其他还有哪些可能也是相同重要,或者更重要的投资;并且解释为什么这个投资重要

如:

1.时间,陪伴孩子成长,加深亲子关系

2.体育设施,身体健康

3.让步,电脑重要,因为…


12月7日

If people are on vacation, they should leave their mobile phones at home.

disagree

1.out on a vacation in a strange city—inevitable to encounter certain problems—mobile phone---contact others to seek help in case of emergency

2.mobile phone in present time—multi-function---facilitate the trip—convenience and happiness

3.deal with problems at home


12月14日

The more money people have, the more they should give away to charity.

是不是钱越多,就该捐的多。同类题考过:是不是钱越多,就越幸福

属于证明逻辑类的题,即:money---X---Y---should give away to charity

答题的时候需要把X,Y两个环节自己填上,并且写出至少1条X,Y不同,但是同样通的逻辑

这种类型的题目我们回头先思考Y可以有哪些(即哪些因素决定了人会,或应该捐),再分别对应想到X可以有哪些。

disagree

1.Whether donate one’s fortune to charity does define one’s integrity or righteousness---such character cannot be simply concluded from one aspect of life---it is the abduction on one’s moral fibre if rich people ought to donate more

2.Charity will work only if it connects and involves the majority of the population---relying solely on rich people will not be the solution of all these problems---the awareness and donation from the world matter more

3.让步


12月20日

Should government spend money on public park for everyone or build a sport field for students?

乍看很简单的题,其实深沉思考的问题是大众优先,还是特权(弱势群体)优先。当然,作为托福作文来说,不需要想那么多,选择public park,写2-3个好处即可:

1.public park—increase the green land—absorb the pollutant and air contamination—nice environment—good for general health

2.public park—free—a place for people to hang—expand their social network

3.让步写sport field对学生的好处



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